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Prof. Dr. Horst Kisch

Prof. Dr. Horst Kisch (Foto: FAU)

Prof. Dr. Horst Kisch (Foto: FAU)

  • Tätigkeit: Professor im Ruhestand
  • Organisation: Department Chemie und Pharmazie
  • Abteilung: Lehrstuhl für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie
  • Telefonnummer: +49 9131 85-27363
  • Faxnummer: +49 9131 85-27363
  • E-Mail: horst.kisch@fau.de
  • Adresse:
    Egerlandstraße 1
    91058 Erlangen
    Raum A1.12

 

1942 Born in Bistritz/Transsylvania
1960 – 1969 Chemistry education at the University of Vienna
1968 – 1969 Ph.D. dissertation at the Max-Planck-Institut für Strahlenchemie, Mülheim a.d.Ruhr
1969 Ph.D. degree at the University of Vienna
1970 – 1984 Scientific coworker at the Max-Planck-Institut für Strahlenchemie
1972 Post doctoral fellow of the Max-Kade-Foundation at the University of California at San Diego, La Jolla
1977 Habilitation for Organic Chemistry at the University of Dortmund
1983 Research visit (4 months) at the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Wako-shi, Japan
1984 Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
1989 Guest professor at the Tokyo University (Japan. Soc. for the Promotion of Science)
1990 – 1993 Chairman of the photochemistry group of the German Chemical Society
1991 Visiting professor at the University of Ferrara
Guest professor at the RIKEN (3 months), Wako-shi, Japan
                  2001 Guest professor at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena (2 months)
                  2007 Guest professor at the University of Otago, Dunedin, Newzealand, (February – April)
                  2008 Retirement

Selected Publications

[1] a) Semiconductor Photocatalysis – Machanistic and Synthetic Aspects, Angew.Chem. Int. Ed. 52(2013)812-847
b) Semiconductor Photocatalysis – Principles and Application, Wiley-VCH, 2015
[2] Type B Semiconductor Photocatalysis: The Synthesis of Homoallyl Amines by Cadmium Sulfide Catalyzed Linear Photoaddition of Olefins and Enol/Allyl Ethers to N-Phenyl-Benzophenone Imine,
H. Keck, W. Schindler, F. Knoch, H. Kisch, Chem. Eur. J. 10 (1997) 1638-1645
[3] Elektronische Halbleiter-Trägerwechselwirkung – ein neuer Effekt in der Halbleiter-Photokatalyse,
H. Weiß, A. Fernandez, H. Kisch, Angew. Chem. 113 (2001) 3942-3945, Int. Ed. 40 (2001) 3825-3827
[4] Photosensitization of Crystalline and Amorphous Titanium Dioxide by Pt(IV)-Chloride Surface Complexes,
W. Macyk, H. Kisch, Chem. Eur. J. 9 (2001) 1862-1867
[5] Photofixierung von Stickstoff an nanostrukturierten Eisentitanatfilmen,
O. Rusina, A. Eremenko, A. Frank , H-P. Strunk , H. Kisch, Angew. Chem. 113 (2001) 4115-4117, Int. Ed. 40 (2001) 3993-3995
[6] Room Temperature Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide Catalyzed by Hydrous Ruthenium Dioxide,
L. Zang, H. Kisch, Angew. Chem. 112 (2000) 4075-4076, Int. Ed. Engl. 39 (2000) 3921-3922
[7] Transition Metal Complexes of Diazenes XXXV: Synthesis of 1-Arylaminoindoles by Rhodium Catalyzed Addition of Alkynes to 1,2-Diaryldiazenes,
U. R. Aulwurm, J. U. Melchinger and H. Kisch, Organometallics 14 (1995) 3385-3395
[8] a) Tailoring of Solid State Electrical Conductivity and Optical Electron Transfer Activation of Dioxygen in Solution through Supramolecular Charge-Transfer Interaction in Ion Pairs,
H. Kisch, Coord. Chem. Rev. 159 (1997) 385-396b) Chiral Metal Dithiolene – Viologen Ion Pairs – Synthesis and Electrical Conductivity,
H. Kisch. B. Eisen, I. Nunn, R. Dinnebier, K. Shankland, W. I. F. David, F. Knoch, Chem. Eur. J. 7 (2001) 738-748

2000 to Present

140 On the Mechanism of Radical C-N Coupling in Type B Semiconductor Photocatalysis – a High Pressure Study. A. Reinheimer, R. van Eldik, H. Kisch,       J. Phys. Chem. B.104(2000)1014-1024.

141 Serendipitous Formation of the Cyclic Sulfite DIMTH(SO3) by Reaction of DIMTH(OH)2 with SOCl2. C. Handrosch, F. W. Heinemann, H. Kisch, Z. Naturforsch. 24b(1999)1015- 1018.

142    rac-5,5’-(2-Acetoxypropyl)furoil, C. Handrosch, F. W. Heinemann, H. Kisch, Acta Cryst. C55(1999)2184-2186.

143    Visible Light Detoxification and Charge Generation by Transition Metal Chloride Modified Titania. L. Zang, W. Macyk, Ch. Lange, W. F. Maier, Ch. Antonius, D. Meissner, H.Kisch, Chem. Eur. J. 6( 2000)379-384.

144    Room Temperature Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide Catalyzed by Hydrous Ruthenium Dioxide, L. Zang, H. Kisch, Angew. Chem. 112(2000)4075-4076, Int. Ed. Engl. 39(2000)3921-3922.

145    Chiral Metal Dithiolene – Viologen Ion Pairs – Synthesis and Electrical Conductivity. H. Kisch. B. Eisen, I. Nunn, R. Dinnebier, K. Shankland, W. I. F. David, F. Knoch, Chem. Eur. J. 7 (2001)738-748.

146    Mechanism of Titanium Dioxide Photosensitization by Platinum(IV)chloride Surface Complexes.  W. Macyk, H. Kisch, J. Inf. Rec. 25(2000)435-438.

147    Photosensitization of Crystalline and Amorphous Titanium Dioxide by Pt(IV)-Chloride  Surface Complexes W. Macyk, H. Kisch, Chem. Eur. J., 7(2001)1862-1867.

148    Novel Organic Syntheses Through Semiconductor Photocatalysis. H. Kisch, M. Hopfner in “Electron Transfer in Chemistry. Volume 4: Heterogeneous Systems, Solid State Systems, Gas Phase Systems. Section  1: Catalysis of Electron Transfer”, V. Balzani (ed.), Wiley, 2001, 232-275.

149    Semiconductor Photocatalysis For Organic Syntheses. H. Kisch, Adv. Photochem. 62(2001) 93-143.

150    Visible Light Photodegradation of 4-Chlorophenol with a Coke containing Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysts. C. Lettmann, K. Hildenbrand, H. Kisch, W. Macyk, W. F. Maier,  Appl. Catal. B: Environmental 32(2001)215.

151    Photofixierung von Stickstoff an nanostrukturierten Eisentitanatfilmen. O. Rusina, A. Eremenko, A. Frank , H-P. Strunk , H. Kisch, Angew. Chemie, 113(2001)4115-4117,  Int. Ed. 40(2001)3993-3995.

152    Elektronische Halbleiter-Trägerwechselwirkung – ein neuer Effekt in der Halbleiter-Photokatalyse. H. Weiß, A. Fernandez, H. Kisch, Angew. Chem.113(2001)3942-3945. Int. Ed. 40(2001)3825-3827.

153    Synthesen durch Halbleiter-Photokatalyse. H. Kisch, W. Lindner, Chemie in unserer Zeit 35(2001)250-257.

154     Photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical properties of titania-chloroplatinate(IV). G.  Burgeth, H. Kisch, Coord. Chem. Rev., 230(2002)41-47.

155    Photoreduction of Bicarbonate Catalyzed by Supported Cadmium Sulfide, H. Kisch, P. Lutz, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 1(2002)240-245.

156    Visible Light Photocatalysis by Modified Titania, H. Kisch, W. Macyk,  ChemPhysChem (invited Highlight)., 3(2002)399-400.

157    Tuning Photoelectrochemical and Photocatalytic Properties through Electronic Semiconductor–Support Interaction. H. Kisch, H. Weiß, Adv. Funct. Mater. (invited Feature Article), 12(2002)483-488.

158    Semiconductor Photocatalysis Type B – Cadmium Sulfide Photocatalyzed  Synthesis of Unsaturated   α-Amino Esters from Imines and Olefins. M. Hopfner H. Weiß,  F. Heinemann, D. Meissner , H. Kisch, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 1(2002)696-703.

159    Nitrogen Photofixation at Nanostructured Iron Titanate Films. O. Rusina, O. Linnik, A. Eremenko, H. Kisch, Chem. Eur. J., 9(2003)561-565.

160    Halbleiter-Photokatalyse, H. Kisch, W. Macyk, Nachr. Chemie 50(2002)1078-1082.

161    Ion Pairs between Nickel and Cobalt Dithiolene Dianions and Macrocyclic Nickel(II) Dications – Control of Intrapair Interaction through Ligand Modification. B. Nowicka, G. Schmauch, T. Chihara, Frank. W. Heinemann, M. Hagiwara, Y. Wakatsuki, H. Kisch, Bull. Soc. Chem. Jpn. 75(2002)21692175.

162    Photocatalytic and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Nitrogen-Doped Titanium Dioxide. S. Sakthivel, H. Kisch, ChemPhysChem. 4(2003)487-490.

163    Photoelectrochemical Properties of Platinum(IV)chloride Surface Modified TiO2, W. Macyk, G. Burgeth, H. Kisch, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci.  2(2003) 322-328.

164    Daylight Photocatalysis by Carbon Modified Titania, S. Sakthivel, H. Kisch, Angew. Chem. 115(2003)5057-5059. Int. Ed. Engl. 42(2003)4908 – 4911.

165    Visible Light Photocatalysis by a Titania Transition Metal Complex, H.  Kisch, G. Burgeth, W. Macyk, Adv. Inorg. Chem, 56(2004)241-159.

166    Visible light activity and photoelectrochemical properties of N-doped TiO2, S. Sakthivel, M. Janczarek, H. Kisch, J. Phys. Chem. B. 108(2004)19384 – 19387.

167    Bandgap widening of titania through semiconductor support interaction,  M. Gärtner, S. Dremov, P. Müller, H. Kisch, ChemPhysChem 6(2005)714-718.

168    Photoelectrochemical Properties of a Dinitrogen Fixing Iron Titanate Thin Film, O. Rusina, W. Macyk, H. Kisch, J. Phys. Chem. B. 109(2005)1858-1862.

169    Electrochemical Mass Spectroscopic and Surface Photovoltage Studies of Catalytic Water Photooxidation by Undoped and Carbon Doped Titania, B. Neumann, P. Bogdanoff, H. Tributsch, S. Sakthivel, H. Kisch, J. Phys. Chem. B. 109(2005)16579-16586.

170   Enhancements and Limits of the Photoelectrochmical Response from anodic TiO2 Nanotubes, R. Beranek, H. Tsuchiya, T. Sugishuima, J. M. Macak, L. Taveira, S. Fujimoto,
H. Kisch, and P. Schmuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2005)2431114(1-3).

171  Efficient sonochemical degradation of 4-chlorophenol catalyzed by titanium dioxide hydrate.  Zh. Dai, A. Chen, H. Kisch, Chemistry Letters  34(2005)1706-1707.

172  UV and Visible Light Acrylate Photopolymerisation inititated by Nitrogen- or Carbon- doped Titandium Dioxide,  C. Damm, S. Sakthivel, H. Kisch, Z. Phys. Chem.
         220(2006)477-486.

173   On the Mechanism of Nitrogen Photofixation at Nanostructured Iron Titanate Films. O. Linnik, H. Kisch,  Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 5(2006)938 – 942.

174   Support-controlled    Chemoselective Olefin-Imine Addition Photocatalyzed by Cadmium Sulfide on a Zinc Sulfide Carrier. M.Gärtner, J.Ballmann,C. Damm, F.W. Heinemann,  H. Kisch, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 6(2007)159-164.

175    Semiconductor Photocatalysis Type B – Synthesis of Unsaturated α-Cyano- Homoallylamines from Imines and Olefins Photocatalysed by Silica and Cellulose  Supported Cadmium Sulphide. H. C. Pehlivanugullari, E. Sumer, and H. Kisch, Res. Chem. Intermed. 33(2007)297-309.
176    Surface-modified anodic TiO2 films for visible light photocurrent response. R. Beranek, H. Kisch, Electrochem. Commun. 9(2007)761-766.
177    Exploring the Electronic Structure of Nitrogen-Modified TiO2 Photocatalysts through  Photocurrent and Surface Photovoltage Studies, R. Beranek, B.Neumann, Sh. Sakthivel, M. Janczarek,Th. Dittrich,  H. Tributsch, H. Kisch, Chem. Phys. 339(2007)11-19.
178   A Low-Bandgap, Nitrogen Modified Titania Visible Light Photocatalyst. H. Kisch, S. Sakthivel,  M. Janczarek, and D. Mitoraj, J. Phys. Chem. C. 111(2007)11445-11449.
179  Photoassisted catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide at room temperature, W. Macyk, H. Kisch, Monatsh. Chem. 2007(2007)935-940.
180  A Hybrid Semiconductor Electrode for Wavelength-Controlled Switching of the Photocurrent Direction, R. Beranek, H. Kisch, Angew. Chem. 120(2008)1340-1342.
181  Carbon –Doped Titanium Dioxide: Visible Light Photocatalysis and EPR Investigation. E. A. Konstantinova, A. I. Kokorin, S. Sakthivel, H. Kisch, K. Lips, Chimia 61(2007)810-814.
182  Visible Light Induced Photoelectrochemical Properties of n-BiVO4 and n-BiVO4/p-Co3O4.
M. Long, W. Cai,  H. Kisch, J. Phys. Chem. C. 112(2008)548-554.
183  Apparent Semiconductor Type Reversal in Anatase TiO2 Nanocrystalline Films. D. S. Warren, Y. Shapira, H. Kisch,  A. J. McQuillan, J. Phys. Chem. C, 111(2007)14286 -14289.
184   Visible light inactivation of bacteria and fungi by modified titanium dioxide. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 6(2007)642-648.
185  Tuning the Optical and Photoelectrochemical Properties of Surface-Modified TiO2, R. Beranek,  H. Kisch, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2008, 7, 40 – 48.
186  Dinitrogen Photofixation at Ruthenium-modified Titania Films,  O. Linnik, H. Kisch, Mendeleev  Commun. 18(2008)1-3.
187  Photodynamic activity of platinum(IV) chloride surface-modified TiO2 irradiated with visible light. A. Janczyk,  A. Wolnicka-Glubisz, K. Urbanska, H. Kisch, G. Stochel, W.
Macyk, Free Radical Biology  Medicine 44(2008)1120.
188  Hybrid Semiconductor Electrodes for Light-Driven Photoelectrochemical Switches. M.-c. Long, R. Beranek, W.-m. Cai, H. Kisch, Electrochimica Acta 53(2008)4621-4626.
189   Visible Light Photo-oxidations in the Presence of  a-Bi2O3.  J. Eberl , H. Kisch, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 7(2008)1400 – 1406.
190 Visible-light Photocatalysis by a Titania-Rhodium(III) Chloride Complex. Z. Dai, G, Burgeth, F. Parrino, H. Kisch, J. Organometal. Chem. 694(2009)1049-1054.

191  Photocatalytic oxidation of aromatic alcohols to aldehydes in aqueous suspension of home prepared titanium dioxide.    Augugliaro, Vincenzo; Kisch, Horst; Loddo, Vittorio;
Lopez-Munoz, Maria Jose; Marquez-Avarez, Carlos; Palmisano, Giovanni; Palmisano, Leonardo; Parrino, Francesco; Yurdakal, Sedat, Applied Catalysis, A: General
349(2008)189-197.
192  Photocatalytic oxidation of aromatic alcohols to aldehydes in aqueous suspension of  home-prepared titanium dioxide.    Augugliaro, Vincenzo; Kisch, Horst; Loddo, Vittorio;
Lopez-Munoz, Maria Jose; Marquez- Alvarez, Carlos; Palmisano, Giovanni; Palmisano, Leonardo; Parrino, Francesco; Yurdakal, Sedat, Applied Catalysis, A: General
349(2008)182-188.
193  Photoelectrochemical properties of nanocrystalline Aurivillius phase Bi2MoO6 film under visible light irradiation Long, Mingce; Cai, Weimin; Kisch, Horst.  Chem. Phys.
Lett.461(2008)102-105.
194  C-H Activation through Semiconductor Photocatalyzed Sulfoxidation of Alkanes. F. Parrino, A. Ramakrishnan, H. Kisch, Angew. Chem. 120(2008)7215-7217.
195   Zur Natur von Stickstoff-modifiziertem Titandioxid für die Photokatalyse mit sichtbarem Licht. D. Mitoraj, H. Kisch, Angew. Chem. 120(2008) 10123-10126. Angew.
Chem. Int. Ed. 47(2008)1-5.
196   “Organic Synthesis through Semiconductor Photoctalaysis” in „Experiments in Green and Sustainable Chemistry”, H.W. Roesky and D. Kennepohl, Eds., VCH-Wiley,
2009, p. 269. “Daylight Semiconductor   Photocatalysis for Air and Water Purification”  ibidem, p. 272.
197  On the Origin of Visible Light Activity in Carbon-modified Titania. P. Ząbek,  J. Eberl, H. Kisch, Photochem. Photobiol. Sc. 8(2009)264 – 269.
198   “Surface Modified Titania Visible Light Photocatalyst Powders”, D. Mitoraj and H. Kisch,  in “Diffusion and Defect Data–Solid State Data, Pt. B: Solid State Phenomena  162(2010),
(Solid State Chemistry and Photocatalysis of Titanium Dioxide),  49-75.

199  EPR Study of the Illumination Effect on Properties of Paramagnetic Centers in Nitrogen– Doped TiO2, Active in Visible Light Photocatalysis.E. A. Konstantinova, A. I. Kokorin, K.
Lips, S. Sakthivel and H. Kisch, Appl. Magn. Reson. 35(2009)421-427.
200  The Degradation of Microcystin-LR using Visible Light Absorbing Photocatalysts. D.Graham, H. Kisch, L.A. Lawton, P.K.J. Robertson, Chemosphere 78(2010)1182-1185.
201  Analysis of electronic and photocatalytic properties of semiconductor powders through wavelength dependent quasi-Fermi level and reactivity measurements. D. Mitoraj, H.
Kisch, J. Phys. Chem. C.113(2009)20890-20895.
202 Mechanism of aerobic visible light formic acid oxidation catalyzed by poly(tri-s-triazine) modified titania. D. Mitoraj, R. Beránek, H. Kisch.  Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 9(2010)31-38.

203 On the Mechanism of Urea-Induced Titania Modification.  D.Mitoraj, H. Kisch. Chem. Eur.J. 16(2010)261-2010
204 Visible light mineralization of phenol and 4-chlorophenol assisted by semiconducting b-Bi2O3. J. Eberl, H. Kisch. Z. Naturforsch.B., 65(2010)399-404.
205 On the problem of comparing rates or apparent quantum yields in heterogeneous  photocatalysis. H. Kisch. Angew. Chem. 49(2010)2-4. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 49(2010)9588-9589.

206 a) Organic Syntheses Through Semiconductor Photocatalysis. H. Kisch, D. Mitoraj in  “Catalysis from A to Z”, Wiley VCH, Weinheim, 2010, in press. b) Preparative and
Mechanistic Semiconductor Photocatalyis. H. Kisch, D. Mitoraj in “CRC Handbook of Organic Photochemistry and Photobiology”, 3rd Edition, in press.

207  Polyol-derived carbon-modified titania for visible light photocatalysis. P. Zabek, H. Kisch.  J. Coord. Chem. 63(2010)2715 – 2726.

208  Photokatalyse – eine sanfte Kunst. H. Kisch. Praxis der Naturwissenschaften – Chemie in  der Schule (oder abgekürzt: PdN-ChiS), Vol. 60, Nummer 1 (2011).

209   Nitrogen photofixation at nanostructured iron titanate films. H. Kisch in “Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy through Nanotechnology”, L. Zang, ed., in press.

210   Visible light photocatalysis by metal halide complexes containing titania as a semiconductor ligand. H. Kisch in Adv. Inorg. Chem, in press.

211  Photochemical Synthesis of N-Adamantylhomoallylamines Through Addition of Cyclic Olefins To Imines Catalyzed by Alumina Grafted Cadmium Sulfide.

M. Aldemir, F.W. Heinemann, and H. Kisch. J. Photochem. Photobiol Sci. submitted

Our research is focused on semiconductor photocatalysis for the chemical conversion and utilization of solar energy. This interdisciplinary field contains basic aspects of photochemistry, electrochemistry and heterogeneous catalysis. By analogy with the photosynthesis of green plants, the efficiency of such reactions is determined by three elementary steps; light-induced charge generation, followed by charge-separation and interfacial electron transfer from and to adsorbed substrates. This is schematically depicted in the following figure for the CdS catalyzed photoaddition of imines to olefins/enol ethers which opens an easy access to hitherto unknown unsaturated amines.
Research Prof. Kisch

Research Prof. Kisch

 

In this novel reaction type (semiconductor photocatalysis type B) the primary electron transfer products recombine to one unique final product („paired photoelectrolysis“) while two final products are obtained in almost all other semiconductor photocatalyzed reactions (type A), in complete analogy with a conventional electrochemical reaction. According to the mechanism proposed, the semiconductor powder catalyzes the linear addition reaction through a double electron exchange mechanism.
Selected Publications [1-3]

Further projects are:

  • Development of commerically available titania-hybrid and other semiconductor photocatalysts for visible light detoxification of water and air
  • Nitrogen Photofixation: Photofixation of nitrogen at nanostructured films
  • Metal OxideDevelopment of a simple metal oxide catalyst for the oxidation of carbon monoxide at room temperature in the presence of humid air
  • Catalytic Activation: Previous work dealt with catalytic activation of 1,2-diazenes and electrical conductivity of viologen-dithiolene charge-transfer complexes